Oily skin is characterized by excess sebum/oil production. The follicle size is larger and contains more oil. If the pore size is larger over most of the face, this indicates an oily skin type. Oily skin requires more cleansing and exfoliating than other skin types. Blemishes and blackheads are common. Over cleansing can make matters worse by stripping the skin and irritating it. If the skin is over dried, the body’s protection mechanism tries to produce additional oil to compensate for the dryness on the surface. Oily skin ages more slowly. Oily skin is more prone to acne. Description: Skin is shiny, congested, blemish prone or slightly blemished. (From my experience, many people think they have oily skin. If you are a true oily skin type, there is a simple test to determine it. If you wash your face at 8:00 a.m., when do you notice shine on your face? If it is within 2 hours, you have oily skin. If not, then you don’t.)
Dry skin does not produce enough oil. Alipidic skin lacks oil (lipids). The follicles are usually small and the sebum is minimal. If you can barely see the follicles or they are small, this indicates a dry skin type. The natural oil secretions in our follicles help protect us from environmental damage and aging. Dry skin needs extra care because it lacks this normal protection. Stimulating oil production and protecting the surface is imperative to taking care of dry skin. Occlusive products also protect the skin’s top barrier layer and hold in moisture, which helps to combat dryness. Description: Skin is tight, flaky, dehydrated or easily irritated. Irritation can take on the form of redness, blotchiness or inflammation.
Part three is available on Friday.